Global Statistics

All countries
240,231,299
Confirmed
Updated on October 14, 2021 7:22 pm
All countries
215,802,873
Recovered
Updated on October 14, 2021 7:22 pm
All countries
4,893,546
Deaths
Updated on October 14, 2021 7:22 pm

Global Statistics

All countries
240,231,299
Confirmed
Updated on October 14, 2021 7:22 pm
All countries
215,802,873
Recovered
Updated on October 14, 2021 7:22 pm
All countries
4,893,546
Deaths
Updated on October 14, 2021 7:22 pm

Trikafta (elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor) for Cystic Fibrosis: Side Effects & Dosage

What is Trikafta, and how does it work?

  • Trikafta is a prescription medicine used for the treatment of cystic fibrosis (CF) in people aged 12 years and older who have at least one copy of the F508del mutation in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene.
  • Talk to your doctor to learn if you have an indicated CF gene mutation.

It is not known if
Trikafta is safe and effective in children under 12 years of age.

What are the side effects of Trikafta?

Trikafta can cause serious side effects, including:

  • High liver enzymes in the blood is a common side effect in people treated with
    Trikafta. These can be serious and may be a sign of liver injury. Your doctor will do blood tests to check your liver:

    • before you start Trikafta
    • every 3 months during your first year
      of taking Trikafta
    • then every year while you are taking Trikafta

Your doctor may do blood tests to check the liver more often if you have had high liver enzymes in your blood in the past.

Call your doctor right away if you have any of the following symptoms of liver problems:

    • pain or discomfort in the upper right stomach (abdominal) area
    • nausea or vomiting
    • yellowing of your skin or the white part of your eyes
    • dark, amber-colored urine
    • loss of appetite
  • Abnormality of the eye lens (cataract) in some children and adolescents treated with
    Trikafta. If you are a child or adolescent, your doctor should perform eye examinations before and during treatment with
    Trikafta to look for cataracts.

The most common side effects of
Trikafta include:

These are not all the possible side effects of
Trikafta.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What is the dosage for Trikafta?

General Dosing Information

  • Swallow the tablets whole.
  • Trikafta should be taken with fat-containing food.
  • Examples of meals or snacks that contain fat are those prepared with
    butter or oils or those containing eggs, cheeses, nuts, whole milk, or
    meats.

Recommended Dosage In Adults And Pediatric Patients Aged 12 Years And Older

  • The recommended dosage is two tablets (each containing elexacaftor 100 mg, tezacaftor 50 mg and ivacaftor 75 mg) taken in the morning and one ivacaftor tablet (containing ivacaftor 150 mg) taken in the evening, administered orally, approximately 12 hours apart.
Information For Missed Doses
  • If 6 hours or less have passed since the missed morning or evening dose, the patient should take the missed dose as soon as possible and continue on the original schedule.

If more than 6 hours have passed since:

  • the missed morning dose, the patient should take the missed dose as soon as possible and should not take the evening dose. The next scheduled morning dose should be taken at the usual time.
  • the missed evening dose, the patient should not take the missed dose. The next scheduled morning dose should be taken at the usual time. Morning and evening doses should not be taken at the same time.

Recommended Dosage For Patients With Hepatic Impairment

  • No dose adjustment is recommended for patients with mild hepatic
    impairment (Child-Pugh Class A). See Table 1. Liver function tests should be
    closely monitored.
  • Treatment is not recommended for patients with moderate hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh Class B). Use of
    Trikafta in patients with moderate hepatic impairment should only be considered when there is a clear medical need and the benefit exceeds the risk. If used,
    Trikafta should be used with caution at a reduced dose (see Table 1). Liver
    function tests should be closely monitored.
  • Trikafta has not been studied in patients with severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh Class C), but the exposure is expected to be higher than in patients with moderate hepatic impairment.
    Trikafta should not be used in patients with severe hepatic impairment.

Table 1: Recommended Dosage for use of Trikafta in patients with hepatic impairment

Mild (Child-Pugh Class A)Moderate (Child-Pugh Class B)Severe (Child-Pugh Class C)No dose adjustmentUse of
Trikafta should only be considered when there is a clear medical need and the benefit exceeds the risk.

If used,
Trikafta should be used with caution at a reduced dose, as follows:

  • Day 1: take two elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor tablets in the morning
  • Day 2: take one elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor tablet in the morning
  • Continue alternating Day 1 and Day 2 dosing thereafter.
  • No evening dose of ivacaftor tablet should be taken.

Should not be used

Dosage Adjustment For Patients Taking Drugs That Are CYP3A Inhibitors

Table 2: Dosage Adjustment for Concomitant Use of Trikafta with Moderate and Strong CYP3A Inhibitors

Moderate CYP3A InhibitorsDay 1Day 2Day 3Day4*Morning DoseTwo elexacaftor /tezacaftor /ivacaftor tabletsOne ivacaftor tabletTwo elexacaftor /tezacaftor /ivacaftor tabletsOne ivacaftor tabletEvening Dose^No dose* Continue dosing with two elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor tablets and one ivacaftor tablet on alternate days.
^ The evening dose of ivacaftor should not be taken.Strong CYP3A InhibitorsDay 1Day 2Day 3Day 4 #Morning DoseTwo elexacaftor /tezacaftor /ivacaftor tabletsNo doseNo doseTwo elexacaftor /tezacaftor /ivacaftor tabletsEvening Dose^No dose# Continue dosing with two elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor tablets twice a week, approximately 3 to 4 days apart.
^ The evening dose of ivacaftor tablet should not be taken.

What drugs interact with Trikafta?

Potential for other drugs to affect elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor

Inducers Of CYP3A
  • Elexacaftor, tezacaftor and ivacaftor are substrates of CYP3A (ivacaftor is a sensitive substrate of CYP3A). Concomitant use of CYP3A inducers may result in reduced exposures and thus reduced
    Trikafta efficacy.
  • Co-administration of ivacaftor with rifampin, a strong CYP3A inducer, significantly decreased ivacaftor area under the curve (AUC) by 89%.
  • Elexacaftor and tezacaftor exposures are expected to decrease during co-administration with strong CYP3A inducers.
  • Therefore, co-administration of Trikafta with strong CYP3A inducers is
    not recommended.
  • Examples of strong CYP3A inducers include:
Inhibitors Of CYP3A
  • Co-administration with itraconazole, a strong CYP3A inhibitor, increased elexacaftor AUC by 2.8-fold and tezacaftor AUC by 4.0 to 4.5-fold.
  • When co-administered with itraconazole and ketoconazole, ivacaftor AUC increased by 15.6-fold and 8.5-fold, respectively. The dosage of
    Trikafta should be reduced when co-administered with strong CYP3A
    inhibitors.
  • Examples of strong CYP3A inhibitors include:
    • ketoconazole,
    • itraconazole,
    • posaconazole, and voriconazole
    • telithromycin and
    • clarithromycin
  • Simulations indicated that co-administration with moderate CYP3A inhibitors may increase elexacaftor and tezacaftor AUC by approximately 1.9 to 2.3-fold and 2.1-fold, respectively.
  • Co-administration of fluconazole increased ivacaftor AUC by 2.9-fold. The dosage of
    Trikafta should be reduced when co administered with moderate CYP3A
    inhibitors.
  • Examples of moderate CYP3A inhibitors include:
    • fluconazole
    • erythromycin
  • Co-administration of Trikafta with grapefruit juice, which contains one or more components that moderately inhibit CYP3A, may increase exposure of elexacaftor, tezacaftor and ivacaftor; therefore, food or drink containing grapefruit should be avoided during treatment with
    Trikafta.

Ciprofloxacin

  • Ciprofloxacin had no clinically relevant effect on the exposure of tezacaftor or ivacaftor and is not expected to affect the exposure of elexacaftor.
  • Therefore, no dose adjustment is necessary during concomitant administration of
    Trikafta with ciprofloxacin.

Potential for Elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor to Affect Other Drugs

CYP2C9 Substrates
  • Ivacaftor may inhibit CYP2C9; therefore, monitoring of the international normalized ratio (INR) during co administration of
    Trikafta with warfarin is recommended.
  • Other medicinal products for which exposure may be increased by Trikafta include glimepiride and glipizide; these medicinal products should be used with caution.
Transporters
  • Co-administration of ivacaftor or tezacaftor/ivacaftor with digoxin, a sensitive P-gp substrate, increased digoxin AUC by 1.3-fold, consistent with weak inhibition of P-gp by ivacaftor.
  • Administration of Trikafta may increase systemic exposure of medicinal
    products that are sensitive substrates of P-gp, which may increase or
    prolong their therapeutic effect and adverse reactions.
  • When used concomitantly with digoxin or other substrates of P-gp with a
    narrow therapeutic index such as cyclosporine, everolimus, sirolimus, and
    tacrolimus, caution and appropriate monitoring should be used.
  • Elexacaftor and M23-ELX inhibit uptake by OATP1B1 and OATP1B3 in vitro.
  • Co-administration of Trikafta may increase exposures of medicinal
    products that are substrates of these transporters, such as statins,
    glyburide, nateglinide and repaglinide.
  • When used concomitantly with substrates of OATP1B1 or OATP1B3, caution
    and appropriate monitoring should be used. Bilirubin is an OATP1B1 and OATP1B3 substrate.
Hormonal Contraceptives

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Is Trikafta safe to use while pregnant or breastfeeding?

  • There are limited and incomplete human data from clinical trials on the use of
    Trikafta or its individual components, elexacaftor, tezacaftor and ivacaftor, in pregnant women to inform a drug-associated risk.

  • There is no information regarding the presence of elexacaftor, tezacaftor, or ivacaftor in human milk, the effects on the breastfed infant, or the effects on milk production.

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