What is triamcinolone acetonide nasal inhaler-spray, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
Triamcinolone acetonide is a synthetic
(man-made) corticosteroid. It is administered either as an oral metered-dose
inhaler for the treatment of asthma (Azmacort), as a topical preparation for the
skin (Kenalog; Aristocort) or as a nasal spray (Nasacort AQ) for relieving
symptoms of rhinitis. Corticosteroids are naturally occurring hormones produced
by the adrenal glands that prevent or suppress inflammation and immune
responses. When given by intranasal spray, triamcinolone acetonide provides
relief from allergy-induced watery nasal discharge (rhinorrhea), nasal
congestion, postnasal drip, sneezing, and
itching of the back of the throat
which are symptoms associated with allergy. Approximately 50% of the
triamcinolone acetonide is absorbed into the blood. A beneficial response
usually is noted within a few days but can take as long as 4 weeks. The FDA
approved Nasacort in July 1991.
What brand names are available for triamcinolone acetonide nasal inhaler?
Nasacort (discontinued brand in USA), Nasacort AQ
Is triamcinolone acetonide nasal inhaler available as a generic drug?
Do I need a prescription for triamcinolone acetonide nasal inhaler-spray?
What are the side effects of triamcinolone acetonide nasal inhaler-spray?
The most common side effects following nasal inhalation
of triamcinolone acetonide are nasal irritation and itching, increased cough,
nausea or vomiting, sore throat, nasal congestion, sneezing, nasal burning,
bloody nasal discharge, and nasal dryness. Other adverse effects reported with
intranasal triamcinolone acetonide include headache, dizziness, and watery eyes.
All of these are either mild or uncommon. Nasal septal perforation, oral or
nasal fungal infections, growth suppression in children, glaucoma, cataracts,
and decreased production of cortisol by the adrenal glands also may occur.
Allergies can best be described as:
What is the dosage for triamcinolone acetonide nasal inhaler-spray?
The recommended dose is one or two sprays in each nostril once
daily. Before use of the nasal spray, the nose should be blown gently, and the
inhaler or spray should be shaken. The head should be tilted backwards, with the
nozzle inserted into one nostril, the opening of the nozzle toward the swollen
area. The other nostril should be closed. and the spray or inhaler activated
while breathing in through the nose and out through the mouth. The inhaler or
spray should be cleaned daily. The canister should be removed from the inhaler,
rinsing the cap, nosepiece, and the inhaler with warm water and then drying them
Which drugs or supplements interact with triamcinolone acetonide nasal inhaler-spray?
No drug interactions have been described with nasal
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Is triamcinolone acetonide nasal inhaler-spray safe to take if I’m pregnant or breastfeeding?
Serious complications (including
cleft palate and still
births) have been reported when oral corticosteroids were administered
pregnancy. It is not known if the small amounts of corticosteroids that appear
in the blood following intranasal use carry the same risk. Triamcinolone
acetonide use during pregnancy should be avoided unless the physician feels that
the potential therapeutic benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.
It is unknown whether triamcinolone acetonide
breast milk. However, it is known that other corticosteroids are
excreted in breast milk. The effects on the child, if any, are unknown.
What else should I know about triamcinolone acetonide nasal inhaler-spray?
What preparations of triamcinolone acetonide nasal inhaler-spray are available?
Nasal Spray: 16.5 g, 120 actuations. Each spray delivers
55 mcg triamcinolone acetonide.
How should I keep triamcinolone acetonide nasal inhaler-spray stored?
Triamcinolone spray should be stored at room temperature,
59-86 F (15-30 C), and protected from heat, and direct light.