Tuesday, February 27, 2024
HomemigraineWhat Is the Most Common Type of Migraine?

What Is the Most Common Type of Migraine?

Migraine HeadacheThere are seven common types of Migraines include complicated migraine, chronic migraine, a hemiplegic migraine, retinal migraine, vestibular migraine, Menstrual migraines, and brainstem aura.

The most common type of migraine is migraine without aura (common migraine). 70-90% of people with migraine experience this type. The frequency of this type of migraine may range from once a year to several times per week.

The common symptoms of a migraine without aura include:

Symptoms may last between 4 and 72 hours when untreated.

What are other types of migraines?

MigraineThe exact cause of migraines remains a mystery. However, several factors are associated with migraines.

The other types of migraines include:

  • Migraine with aura (complicated migraine): Aura is a neurological symptom of migraine, which is most commonly visual disturbances along with the normal symptoms of migraine. It commonly affects 10-30% of people. The frequency of this type of migraine may range from once a year to several times per year. In this, a person might observe below symptoms (aura) 10-30 minutes before an attack:
    • Seeing flashing lights, zigzag lines, or blind spots
    • Numbness or tingling in the face or hands
    • Altered sense of smell, taste, or touch
    • Feeling mentally “fuzzy”
  • Chronic migraine: Experiencing headache on more than 15 days per month for more than three months may indicate a chronic migraine. The symptoms are similar to those of common migraine but may vary in intensity. Some days, the pain would be less severe similar to a tension headache or sinus headache.
  • Hemiplegic migraine: If the migraine attack causes symptoms such as a temporary inability to move the arm or leg, it is more probably a hemiplegic migraine. People with hemiplegic migraine may experience one or more of the following symptoms:
    • Weakness on one side of the body
    • Pins and needles sensation on one side of the body
    • Loss of sensation
  • Retinal migraine: Headache causing a temporary loss in vision in one eye is known as retinal migraine. This form of migraine with aura is very rare. The symptoms of retinal migraine include:
    • Seeing flashing lights, zigzag lines, or blind spots
    • Loss of some or all vision in one eye only
    • The visual loss followed by a typical headache
  • Vestibular migraine: Migraine along with prominent vertigo is known as vestibular migraine. Other symptoms of vestibular migraine include:
    • Dizziness
    • Balance problems
    • Nausea or vomiting
    • Photophobia
    • Phonophobia
    • Sensitivity to movement
    • Osmophobia (sensitivity to smell)
    • Cranial allodynia (sensitivity to touch on the head or face)
    • Photic allodynia (pain and sensitivity to light)
  • Menstrual migraines: This type of migraine occurs two days before the menstrual period and continues three days after the start. This type of migraine is usually a migraine without aura.
  • Brainstem aura: Along with migraine symptoms, additional symptoms include:

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