Monday, March 4, 2024
Homebreast cancerWhat Is the Life Expectancy of Someone With COPD?

What Is the Life Expectancy of Someone With COPD?

What is chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)?

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a slowly progressive disease that causes symptoms such as breathlessness and cough.Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a slowly progressive disease that causes symptoms such as breathlessness and cough.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a group of diseases with the chief symptom of breathlessness and cough. COPD is a slowly progressive disease and affects approximately 32 million Americans.

COPD leads to airflow obstruction due to the following reasons:

  • Tiny air sacs in the lungs that are responsible for oxygen transfer to the blood lose their capacity to stretch and shrink back.
  • The walls between many of the air sacs are damaged.
  • The walls of the airways become thick and inflamed. 
  • Oversecretion of the mucus blocks the airflow.

The diseases in the COPD spectrum are as follows:

What are the signs and symptoms of COPD?

In the initial stages of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), there may be no symptoms. Later, the following non-specific symptoms are seen:

When the disease progresses, the symptoms include:

  • Weight loss
  • Swelling in the feet and ankles
  • Gasping for breath
  • Feeling of missed beat or palpitations
  • Respiratory failure
  • Blue or gray lips and/or fingernails 
  • Disorientation

Who is at a risk of getting COPD?

Patients with the following conditions are at a risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD):

  • Continuous exposure to air pollution
  • Smokers
  • Exposure to second-hand smoke
  • Infectious diseases that destroy the lung tissue
  • Chronic asthma
  • Immune deficiency syndromes
  • Vasculitis syndrome (inflammation in the blood vessels)
  • Connective tissue disorders (diseases that affect the parts of the body that connect the structures of the body)
  • Genetic problems such as Salla disease

Which tests do physicians use to diagnose COPD?

Physicians use the following methods and tests to diagnose chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD):

  • Taking a through history
  • History of tobacco smoking, occupational exposure to dust and chemicals
  • Information about exposure to air pollutants or history of any lung disease
  • Chest X-rays
  • Spirometry (lung function tests)
  • Computed tomography (CT) of the lungs
  • Measurement of the saturation level of oxygen in the blood with the help of arterial blood gas or a pulse oximeter

How is COPD treated?

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) management involves various therapies, which include:

  • Cessation of cigarette smoking
  • Taking vitamin and nutritional supplements
  • Exercise training and breathing exercises
  • Nutritional counseling therapy
  • Energy-conserving therapies
  • Psychological counseling 

Medications to treat COPD include the following:

Patients with severe COPD may require a surgery to remove the diseased portion of the lung or even lung transplantation.

What is the life expectancy of someone with COPD?

Depending on the disease severity, the five-year life expectancy for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) ranges from 40%-70%. That means 40-70 out of 100 people will be alive after five years of diagnosis of  COPD. 

COPD is a chronic, gradually progressing lung disease that is not completely curable. Timely medical treatments can slow the progression of this disease.


Most Popular