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Rubella Virus Vaccine Live (Meruvax II) Side Effects & Dosage

What is rubella virus vaccine? What is it used for?

The rubella vaccine is a live vaccine (Meruvax II) that is used to prevent rubella infection (German measles).

Rubella is a highly contagious disease that is caused by a virus. In children, the disease is usually mild with fever and a rash. However, rubella is especially dangerous during pregnancy as it can cause a miscarriage or serious birth defects.

Fortunately, rubella can be prevented with vaccination. Rubella vaccine is a live attenuated (weakened) form of the rubella viruses. The vaccine works by stimulating our immune system to produce antibodies (proteins which will fight and kill the virus) against the rubella virus.

The rubella live vaccine is no longer available in the US and has been replaced with the measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine (MMR). The measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine is a single injection that contains all three vaccines, providing protection from all three infections.

What brand names are available for rubella virus vaccine?

Meruvax II

Is rubella virus vaccine available as a generic drug?

No, the rubella vaccine is no longer available in the US. The measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine is the vaccine of choice to protect patients against any of these infections.

Do I need a prescription for rubella virus vaccine?

No

What are the side effects of rubella virus vaccine?

What is the dosage for rubella virus vaccine?

The rubella vaccine is recommended for patients 12 months of age or
older. Patients first vaccinated with the rubella vaccine at 12 months of age or
older should be revaccinated with the measles, mumps, and rubella live vaccine (MMR
II) prior to elementary school.

Which drugs or supplements interact with rubella virus vaccine?

  • Anyone who has ever had a life-threatening
    allergic reaction to gelatin should not get the rubella vaccine.
  • Anyone who has ever had a life-threatening
    allergic reaction to the antibiotic neomycin should not get the rubella vaccine
    because neomycin is used in the production process.
  • Patients with a weak immune system should not
    get the rubella vaccine. This includes AIDS patients, patients receiving
    medicines that suppress the immune system, and

    people with cancer.

  • The rubella vaccine may interact with the
    tuberculin (TB) test. Therefore, if a TB skin test is to be done, it should be
    administered either before or at the same time as the vaccine.

Is rubella virus vaccine safe to take if I’m pregnant or breastfeeding?

It is not known whether the rubella virus can cause birth defects.
It should be avoided during pregnancy.

The rubella vaccine is excreted into human milk and should
be used cautiously in nursing mothers.

What else should I know about rubella virus vaccine?

What preparations of rubella virus vaccine are available?

Solution for administration by injection into the fatty layer
of the tissue under the skin (subcutaneously) of the upper arm.

How should I keep rubella virus vaccine stored?

The rubella vaccine should be stored in the refrigerator, between 2
C and 8 C (36 and 46 F).

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