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Orlistat (Xenical, Alli) for Weight Loss: Side Effects & Dosage

What are the uses for orlistat?

  • Orlistat is combined with a reduced-calorie
    diet to promote
    weight loss.
  • Orlistat also may be used to prevent
    weight gain after weight has
    been lost.
  • Candidates for treatment with orlistat are patients who are
    obese
    with a
    body mass index (a measure of
    obesity) of more than 30 kg/m2.
  • Candidates
    also include patients with a body mass index of between 27 and 30 kg/m2 if other
    risk factors for
    arteriosclerosis are present such as
    high blood pressure,
    diabetes, and
    elevated blood
    cholesterol or
    triglycerides.
  • Based on several
    scientific studies, the average
    weight loss that is achieved when orlistat is
    taken as recommended for six months to one year is 12.4 to 13.4 pounds.

What brand names are available for orlistat?

Xenical, alli

Is orlistat available as a generic drug?

No

Do I need a prescription for orlistat?

Orlistat yes, Alli no

What are the side effects of orlistat?

The most common side effects of orlistat are:

From 1 in 250 and 1 in 70 patients experienced
one or more of these symptoms in the first year. Generally, the side effects
occurred within three months of starting therapy. In about 50% of patients, the
side effects resolved within one to four weeks, but the effects in some patients
lasted six months or longer. To reduce the occurrence of these side effects,
meals should contain no more than 30% fat because it is the unabsorbed fat that
causes most of the symptoms. alli causes fewer side effects because it contains
half the dose of prescription-strength orlistat. Patients receiving orlistat
with a history of oxalate kidney stones may develop increased levels of oxalate
in their urine, which may increase the risk of kidney stones.

Liver failure has been reported in patients treated with orlistat. Orlistat should be discontinued if symptoms of liver failure (loss of appetite, anorexia, itching, jaundice, dark urine,
light colored stools, or right upper abdominal pain) occur while taking orlistat.

Other serious side effects of orlistat include:

What is the dosage for orlistat?

  • The recommended prescription dose for Xenical is one capsule (120 mg)
    three times daily.
  • The recommended dose for alli is 60 mg three times daily.
  • Orlistat should be taken one hour after or during a meal containing about 15 mg
    of fat. Meals without fat do not require orlistat.
  • No additional benefit has
    been shown when orlistat was taken in doses greater than 120 mg.
  • Patients should
    eat a nutritionally balanced, reduced calorie
    diet that contains approximately
    30% of calories from fat.
  • alli includes an individually tailored online weight
    loss support program.

Some dietary vitamins bind to fat (vitamins A, D, E and beta- carotene). When
orlistat is taken, these vitamins are not absorbed and are eliminated in the
stool in increased amounts along with the fat. Therefore, patients taking
orlistat should take a multivitamin containing these “fat-soluble” vitamins to
ensure that adequate amounts of the vitamins are available for absorption. To
ensure that the vitamins in the multivitamins are not bound to fat like the
vitamins in the diet, the multivitamin should be taken at least two hours before
or several hours after the orlistat.

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Which drugs or supplements interact with orlistat?

  • The blood thinning effect of
    warfarin (Coumadin,
    Jantoven) depends
    on the amount of
    vitamin K in the body, and vitamin K is one of the vitamins
    that binds to fat. Patients receiving warfarin who begin orlistat should have
    their blood clotting monitored closely because the orlistat may cause levels of
    vitamin K to decline. This will increase the effects of warfarin and lead to
    abnormal bleeding from the warfarin. There is no evidence that a deficiency of
    vitamin K occurs in patients who are taking orlistat.
  • Orlistat may reduce the absorption and blood levels of
    cyclosporine
    (Sandimmune) when both
    drugs are administered together. Therefore, cyclosporine
    should be administered two hours before or after orlistat, and more frequent
    monitoring of cyclosporine levels may be needed.
  • Hypothyroidism has been reported when orlistat and
    levothyroxine (Synthroid,
    Levoxyl,
    Levothroid,
    Unithroid) were
    combined. Patients treated with both orlistat and levothyroxine should be
    monitored for changes in
    thyroid function. The orlistat and levothyroxine
    should be taken at least four hours apart.

Is orlistat safe to take if I’m pregnant or breastfeeding?

  • Safe use of orlistat during
    pregnancy has not been established.
    Therefore, orlistat is not recommended during pregnancy.
  • It is not known if orlistat is secreted in
    breast milk.
    Therefore, it probably should not be taken by
    nursing mothers.

What else should I know about orlistat?

What preparations of orlistat are available?

Capsules: 60 mg (alli), 120 mg
(Xenical)

How should I keep orlistat stored?

Capsules should be stored at room temperature, 15 C – 30 C (59 F – 86 F)

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