What is the difference between cefdinir and Keflex?
- Cefdinir and Keflex (cephalexin) are cephalosporin antibiotics used to treat a variety of infections.
- The brand name for cefdinir called Omnicef is discontinued in the U.S.
- Side effects of cefdinir and Keflex that are similar include diarrhea or loose stools, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, headache, vaginitis, skin rash, and rarely, abnormal liver tests.
- Side effects of cefdinir that are different from Keflex include vaginal yeast infection. Rare side effects of cefdinir include abnormal stool, constipation, and dry mouth.
- Side effects of Keflex that are different from cefdinir include dizziness or fever.
- Cefdinir and Keflex may cause pseudomembranous colitis (Clostridium difficile colitis), a potentially serious bacterial infection of the colon.
- Individuals who are allergic to the penicillin class of antibiotics may also be allergic to cefdinir or Keflex. Serious but rare allergic reactions include seizures, severe allergic reactions (anaphylaxis), and low platelet or red blood cell count.
What are cefdinir and Keflex?
Cefdinir and Keflex (cephalexin) are cephalosporin antibiotics used to treat infections caused by susceptible bacteria such as infections of the tonsils (tonsillitis), throat (strep throat), middle ear (otitis media), larynx (laryngitis), bronchi (bronchitis), lungs (pneumonia), sinuses (sinusitis), and skin and other soft tissues. Other cephalosporin antibiotics include cefuroxime (Zinacef), cefpodoxime (Vantin), cefaclor (Ceclor), cefixime (Suprax), and cefprozil (Cefzil).
What are the side effects of cefdinir and Keflex?
- Cefdinir generally is well tolerated. The most common side effects are:
- Rare side effects include:
- Cefdinir may cause false test results with some tests for sugar in the urine.
- Like most antibiotics, cefdinir may cause a condition called pseudomembranous colitis (Clostridium difficile colitis), a potentially serious bacterial infection of the colon. Patients who develop signs of pseudomembranous colitis after starting cefdinir (diarrhea, fever, abdominal pain, and possibly shock) should contact their doctor immediately.
- Persons who are allergic to the penicillin class of antibiotics, for example, amoxicillin, amoxicillin and clavulanic acid (Augmentin), which are related to cephalosporins, may or may not be allergic to cephalosporins.
The most common side effects of cephalexin are:
- abdominal pain,
- skin rash,
- abnormal liver tests, and
Individuals who are allergic to penicillin may also be allergic to cephalexin. Serious but rare reactions include seizures, severe allergic reactions (anaphylaxis), and low platelet or red blood cell count.
Cephalexin, like almost all antibiotics, may cause mild or severe cases of pseudomembranous colitis, a mild to severe inflammation of the colon. Antibiotics, including cephalexin alter the types of bacteria in the colon and permit overgrowth of a bacterium called Clostridium difficile. Studies indicate that toxins produced by Clostridium difficile are a primary cause of pseudomembranous colitis.
What is the dosage of cefdinir vs. Keflex?
- Cefdinir is taken once or twice daily, depending on the type and severity of the infection.
- The capsules or suspension can be taken with or without food.
- Patients with advanced kidney disease may need to take lower doses to prevent accumulation of cefdinir since it is eliminated from the body by the kidneys.
- For adult infections the usual dose is 300 mg every 12 hours or 600 mg per day for 5-10 days depending on the nature and severity of the infection.
- The recommended dose for children 6 months to 12 years of age is 7 mg/kg every 12 hours or 14 mg/kg per day for 5-10 days depending on the type of infection.
- For most infections, once daily dosing is as effective as twice daily dosing, although once daily dosing has not been evaluated for the treatment of skin infections or pneumonia.
- The dose of cephalexin for adults is 1 to 4 grams in divided doses.
- The usual adult dose is 250 mg every 6 hours.
- Some infections may be treated with 500 mg every 12 hours.
- Children are treated with 25-100 mg/kg/day in divided doses.
- The dosing interval may be every 6 or 12 hours depending on the type and seriousness of the infection.
Bowel regularity means a bowel movement every day.
What drugs interact with cefdinir vs. Keflex?
- Aluminum or magnesium containing antacids reduce the absorption of cefdinir from the intestine. Separating the administration of cefdinir and such antacids by two hours prevents this interaction.
- Iron supplements also reduce the absorption of cefdinir. Separating the administration of cefdinir and iron supplements by two hours prevents this interaction. There have been reports of reddish stool in patients who have received cefdinir. This could be due to the formation of a chemical complex between cefdinir and iron in the stomach.
- Cephalexin may reduce the effect of BCG and typhoid vaccines. Cephalexin should not be combined with BCG or typhoid vaccine unless there are no other options.